Quick Facts Of Nepal

General

  1. Location: South Asia Indian Subcontinent between China and India
  2. Border to South, East and West: India
  3. Border to North: Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  4. Total Area: 1,47,181 sq.km (56,826.90 sq. miles)
  5. Shape: Trapezoidal (roughly 200km width and 800km length)
  6. Capital: Kathmandu (largest city)
  7. Political System: Federal Republic
  8. Official Language: Nepali
  9. National Bird: Lopophorous (Danfe)
  10. National Animal: Cow
  11. Approx Population: 28 million
  12. Time Zone: 5 Hrs 45 Min Ahead of GMT
  13. Currency: Nepalese Rupee

Geography

  1. Ranked 4th in Vulnerable Country in terms of Climate Change
  2. 3808 total Glaciers and 1466 Glacial Lakes (Identified) including 21 potential risky lakes
  3. Variation of elevation from lowest 59m to highest 8848m at Everest Summit
  4. Weather and Climate Diversity from southern hot temperate to north arctic cold in span of 150 km distance

Bio-Diversity

  1. More than 19% of total area of Nepal is protected under Conservation Areas, National Parks and Wildlife Reserves
  2. Nepal ranks 10th in terms of richest flowering plant diversity in Asia
  3. 1,120 species of non-flowering plants and 5,160 species of flowering plants
  4. 11 bio-climatic zones, 9 terrestrial ecoregions with 36 vegetation types
  5. 844 species of bird (8 percent of world’s total)
  6. 181 species of mammal, 100  species of reptile, 43  species of amphibian,  185 species of freshwater fish and 635 species of butterfly
  7. More than 494 species of Orchid (2 percent of world’s total)
  8. More than 700 species of medicinal plants
  9. 6 percent of rhododendron species of the world
  10. More than 250 species of Endemic Flowering Plants out of total 5980
  11. Second Largest Settlement of One Horned Rhinoceros
  12. Some of the Largest Honey Bee Settlement
  13. One of the Largest Shelter for Royal Bengal Tiger
  14. 36 percent of world’s Meconopsis species “Poppy”
  15. Largest Herd of Swamp Deer at Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve

People and Culture

  1. 125 Caste/Ethnic Groups speaking 123 different languages
  2. Living Goddess “Kumari” of Newar Community
  3. 80 percent, 12 percent Buddhist and rest others
  4. “Namaste” or “Namaskar” is word used for greetings and meetings

Proud Nepal

  1. NO INDEPENDENCE DAY (never colonized by any other Nation)
  2. Legacy of “Gurkhas” – the bravest people in the world
  3. Birthplace of Lord Buddha – Light of Asia
  4. UN World Heritage Site
  • Kathmandu Valley (7 monuments 20km radius i.e. Pashupatinath Temple, Changunaryan Temple Boudhanath Stupa, Swayanbunath Stupa, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Bhaktapur Durbar Square)
  • Chitwan National Park
  • Sagarmatha National Park

Himalayas

  1. In Sanskrit, word “Himalaya” means “abode of snow”
  2. Highest Mountain in Earth – Mount Everest (8848m/29029 feet)
  3. More than 1310 peaks exceeding 6000m and 7000m
  4. 8 out of 14 Eight Thousand Meter Mountains of world
  • Mount Everest (8848m)
  • Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m)
  • Mount Lhotse (8516m)
  • Mount Makalu (8463m)
  • Mount Cho Oyu (8201m)
  • Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m)
  • Mount Manaslu (8163m)
  • Mount Annapurna I (8091m)

Nowhere in the World (You can find this Only in Nepal)

  1. Mushroom – Trafina Nepalisinera
  2. Bird – Spiny Bablar
  3. World’s Only Non rectangular Flag
  4. Highest Settlements and Villages
  5. Dal Bhat Power 24 Hours (Dal Bhat is daily staple of Nepalese People consist of Rice, Lentil Soup, Curry/Vegetables and Pickel typically)
  6. Array of Highest Mountains and Adventure Passes
  7. Largest Moth in the World – Atlas Moth
  8. Highest Lake – Tilicho Lake at 4919m
  9. High Altitude Marathon (42km) – Everest Marathon
  10. Highest Rice Plantation at 2850m, Juilo Valley, Jumla
  11. Highest Valley – Nana Gaon at 5793m
  12. Highest Flower – Stealeria Dicumbus above 6492m
  13. Highest Canyon – Luluko Canyon (Manang)
  14. Highest Protection Area – Sagarmatha National Park
  15. World Deepest Gorge Kaligandaki (Lower Mustang)