Quick Facts Of Nepal

We all know that Nepal is one of the blessed countries in the world with natural and cultural riches. And what makes her so unique is because of the following interesting quick facts.

“a Nepali outlook, pace and philosophy had prevented us being swamped by our problems. In Nepal it was easier to take life day by day.” 
— Jane Wilson-Howarth, A Glimpse of Eternal Snows: A Journey of Love and Loss in the Himalayas

Never End Peace and Love - NEPAL

General Facts                                

  • Location: South Asia Indian Subcontinent between China and India
  • Border to South, East and West: India
  • Border to North: Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • Total Area: 1,47,181 sq.km (56,826.90 sq. miles)
  • Shape: Trapezoidal (roughly 200km width and 800km length)
  • Capital: Kathmandu (largest city)
  • Political System: Federal Republic
  • Official Language: Nepali
  • National Bird: Lopophorous (Danfe)
  • National Animal: Cow
  • Approx Population: 29 million
  • Time Zone: 5 Hrs 45 Min Ahead of GMT
  • Currency: Nepalese Rupee

Diverse Geography of Nepal

  • 3808 total Glaciers and 1466 Glacial Lakes (Identified) including 21 potential risky lakes
  • Variation of elevation from lowest 59m to highest 8848m at Everest Summit
  • Weather and Climate Diversity from southern hot temperate to north arctic cold in span of 150 km distance
  • Ranked 4th in Vulnerable Country in terms of Climate Change

Assorted Bio-Diversity of Nepal

  • More than 19% of total area of Nepal is protected under Conservation Areas, National Parks and Wildlife Reserves
  • Nepal ranks 10th in terms of richest flowering plant diversity in Asia
  • 1,120 species of non-flowering plants and 5,160 species of flowering plants
  • 11 bio-climatic zones, 9 terrestrial ecoregions with 36 vegetation types
  • 844 species of bird (8 percent of world’s total)
  • 181 species of mammal, 100  species of reptile, 43  species of amphibian,  185 species of freshwater fish and 635 species of butterfly
  • More than 494 species of Orchid (2 percent of world’s total)
  • More than 700 species of medicinal plants
  • 6 percent of rhododendron species of the world
  • More than 250 species of Endemic Flowering Plants out of total 5980
  • Second Largest Settlement of One Horned Rhinoceros
  • Some of the Largest Honey Bee Settlement
  • One of the Largest Shelter for Royal Bengal Tiger
  • 36 percent of world’s Meconopsis species “Poppy”
  • Largest Herd of Swamp Deer at Skhula Phanta Wildlife Reserve

Local People and Culture

Proud Nepal and Nepalese

Himalayas of Nepal

  • In Sanskrit, word “Himalaya” means “abode of snow”
  • More than 1310 peaks exceeding 6000m and 7000m
  • 8 out of 14 Eight Thousand Meter Mountains of the World 
    • Mount Everest (8848m) — World First Highest  
    • Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m) — (Third)
    • Mount Lhotse (8516m) — (Fourth)
    • Mount Makalu (8463m) — (Fifth)
    • Mount Cho Oyu (8201m) — (Sixth)
    • Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m) — (Seventh)
    • Mount Manaslu (8163m) — (Eighth)
    • Mount Annapurna I (8091m) — (Tenth)

Nowhere in the World (You can find this Only in Nepal)

  • Mushroom – Trafina Nepalisinera
  • Bird – Spiny Bablar
  • World’s Only Nonrectangular Flag
  • Highest Settlements and Villages
  • Dal Bhat Power 24 Hours (Dal Bhat is daily staple of Nepalese People consist of Rice, Lentil Soup, Curry/Vegetables and Pickel typically)
  • Array of Highest Mountains and Adventure Passes
  • Largest Moth in the World – Atlas Moth
  • Highest Lake – Tilicho Lake at 4919m
  • High Altitude Marathon (42km) – Everest Marathon
  • Highest Rice Plantation at 2850m, Juilo Valley, Jumla
  • Highest Valley – Nana Gaon at 5793m
  • Highest Flower – Stealeria Dicumbus above 6492m
  • Highest Canyon – Luluko Canyon (Manang)
  • Highest Protection Area – Sagarmatha National Park
  • World Deepest Gorge Kaligandaki (Lower Mustang)