Nepal is well gifted country in terms of nature and culture. She has one of the unique climate and topography in the world ranging from lowest 59m elevation to highest 8848m in just approx. 150km/93miles distance from southern sub-tropical region to northern arctic Himalayas on total stretch of approx 800km/497miles from east to west.
Wildlife Safari in Nepal is an extra-ordinary excursion for two days or three days around the thick jungles on the back of the elephants and watch tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, crocodiles and enjoying cultural village visit. There are two major parks — Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park — really popular among all kinds of travelers and many of them chose to visit after adventure trek or activities These places provide an excellent wilderness experience and chance to discover the unspoiled natural habitats.
Chitwan National Park offers to large numbers of birds, mammals, reptiles such as Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Crocodiles & Gharials, Sloth Bear, Langur Monkey, Gaur, Deer and birds including herons, egrets, cranes, strokes, woodpeckers, kites, kingfishers, babblers and many others. You can also enjoy the cultural dance and shows performed by the native Tharu people of that region. There are well-organized tour is programmed for two to four or more days of itineraries which covers jungle activities, elephant safari, bird watching, canoeing and many other activities.
Bardia National Park lies in western part of the country and the largest and most undisturbed protected area covering around 70 percent of park with alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forest. It is home to several endangered species rhinoceros, wild elephant, swamp deer, dolphins and specially Royal Bengal Tiger. There are so far 839 species of flora, 642 species of faunas, 23 reptile & amphibians, 53 mammals and 125 species of fish has been recorded. There are also well-organized tour are programmed for two to four or more days covering jungle excursion activities, jungle walk, jeep drive etc. and it is very popular for witnessing many Tigers during the trip.
It is fair to say that, the extreme altitudinal gradient has endowed Nepal with beautiful & suitable nature environment for habitat of great diversity of life. Nepal Government had established a network of protection areas since 1973 with principal aim to conserve and preserve the nature and creating sustainable wildlife. There are total of 20 Protected Areas including 10 National Parks, 6 Conservation Areas, 3 Wildlife Reserves and 1 Hunting Reserve. Additionally, there are 9 Ramsar Sites – it is a wetland site designated of international importance under Ramsar Convention, UNESCO.
Some of the coolest facts about the exceptional bio-diversity of Nepal are,